Childhood Trauma: Types, Causes, Signs, and Treatments
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SAMHSA (2020). “Understanding Child Trauma.” Retrieved from: https://www.samhsa.gov/child-trauma/understanding-child-trauma
SAMHSA (2014). “Trauma.” Retrieved from: https://ncsacw.samhsa.gov/userfiles/files/SAMHSA_Trauma.pdf
McInerney, M., & McKlindon, A . (2014) . Unlocking the door to learning: Trauma- informed classrooms & transformational schools. Retrieved from: http://www.codmanacademy.org/PDF/Trauma-Informed-in-Schools-ClassroomsFINAL-December2014-2.pdf
Center of Disease Control (2020). Child abuse and neglect. Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/childabuseandneglect/aces/fastfact.html
National Child Traumatic Stress Network (2012). Retrieved from: https://www.nctsn.org/interventions/child-and-family-traumatic-stress-intervention
American Psychological Association (2017). “Narrative Exposure Therapy.” Retrieved from: https://www.apa.org/ptsd-guideline/treatments/narrative-exposure-therapy
Brown, R. C., Witt, A., Fegert, J. M., Keller, F., Rasenhofer, M., & Plener, P. L. (2017). Psychosocial interventions for children and adolescents after man-made and natural disasters: A meta-analysis and systematic review. Psychological Medicine, 47, 1893-1905. https://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291717000496
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Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Updated for readability and clarity. Reviewed and added relevant resources. Added “What Is Childhood Trauma?” and “Signs of Lingering Childhood Trauma in Adults”, revised “Impacts of Childhood Trauma”. New material written by Eric Patterson, LPC and reviewed by Kristen Fuller, MD.
Author: Dakota King-White, Ph.D., LPC
Reviewer: Benjamin Troy, MD