PTSD in Children: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments
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American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA.
National Institute of Mental Health. (2019, May). Post-traumatic stress disorder. Retrieved from: https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. (2019, October). How common is PTSD in children and teens?. Retrieved from: https://www.ptsd.va.gov/understand/common/common_children_teens.asp
Hamblen, J. & Barnett, E. (2019, September). PTSD in children and adolescents. U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Retrieved from: https://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/treat/specific/ptsd_child_teens.asp
Dyregrov, A., & Yule, W. (2006). A review of PTSD in children. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 11(4), 176-184.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2021, October). Understanding child trauma. Retrieved from: https://www.samhsa.gov/child-trauma/understanding-child-trauma
Bath, H. (2008). The three pillars of trauma-informed care. Reclaiming Children and Youth, 17(3), 17-21.
Rosner, R., Rimane, E., Frick, U., Gutermann, J., Hagl, M., Renneberg, B., … & Steil, R. (2019). Effect of developmentally adapted cognitive processing therapy for youth with symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder after childhood sexual and physical abuse: A randomized clinical trial. JAMA Psychiatry, 76(5), 484-491.
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Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Updated for readability and clarity. Reviewed and added relevant resources. Added “Symptoms of PTSD in Teens”, “Outward Signs of PTSD in Teens”, “Which Children Are at a Higher Risk of Developing PTSD?”, “Can Childhood PTSD Symptoms Show Up Long After the Traumatic Event?”, “How Is PTSD Diagnosed in a Child?”, “How to Explain PTSD to a Young Child”, “Can PTSD in Children Be Prevented?”, “How Long Can PTSD Last?”. New material written by Silvi Saxena, MBA, MSW, LSW, CCTP, OSW-C and reviewed by Heidi Moawad, MD.