Addiction Vs. Dependence: What Is the Difference?
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O’Brien, C. (2010). Addiction and dependence in DSM-V. Addiction, 106, 5, pp. 866-867. Retrieved from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03144.x
Donofrio, J. (2018). Opioids: Understanding addiction versus dependence. Retrieved from https://www.hss.edu/conditions_understanding-addiction-versus-dependence.asp
The National Alliance of Advocates for Buprenorphine Treatment. (n.d.). Physical dependence and addiction: An important distinction. Retrieved from https://www.naabt.org/addiction_physical-dependence.cfm.
National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2016). Is there a difference between physical dependence and addiction? Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/principles-drug-addiction-treatment-research-based-guide-third-edition/frequently-asked-questions/there-difference-between-physical-dependence-addiction
Arcare. (2016). Addiction vs. dependence: The difference and your drug treatment options. Retrieved from https://www.arcare.net/addiction-vs-dependence-understanding-the-differences/
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.).
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Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Edited for readability and clarity. Reviewed and added relevant resources. Revised “Treatment for Addiction & Dependence.” Added “Differences Between Addiction & Dependence.” New material written by Alexa Donnelly, LCSW, and reviewed by Heidi Moawad, MD.
Author: Matt Glowiak, PhD, LCPC
Reviewer: Benjamin Troy, MD