What Are Bipolar Disorder Cycles?
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Carvalho, A. F., Firth, J., & Vieta, E. (2020). Bipolar Disorder. The New England journal of medicine, 383(1), 58–66. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMra1906193
Grande, I., Berk, M., Birmaher, B., & Vieta, E. (2016). Bipolar disorder. Lancet (London, England), 387(10027), 1561–1572. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(15)00241-X
Vieta, E., Salagre, E., Grande, I., Carvalho, A. F., Fernandes, B. S., Berk, M., Birmaher, B., Tohen, M., & Suppes, T. (2018). Early Intervention in Bipolar Disorder. The American journal of psychiatry, 175(5), 411–426. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2017.17090972
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Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Updated for readability and clarity. Reviewed and added relevant resources. Added “How Long Do Manic Episodes Last?”, “What It Feels Like to Cycle With Bipolar Disorder”, “Manic Episode Triggers”, and “How to Support a Loved One Who Is Cycling”. New material written by Silvi Saxena, MBA, MSW, LSW, CCTP, OSW-C and reviewed by Kristen Fuller, MD.
Author: Sonia Martin, LCSW
Reviewer: Naveed Saleh, MD, MS