Cocaine Addiction: Signs, Symptoms & Treatments
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NIDA. 2021, April 8. Cocaine DrugFacts. Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/cocaine
Patterson, E. (2021). Cocaine withdrawal. Retrieved from https://drugabuse.com/drugs/cocaine/withdrawal/
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Yerby, N. & Hampton, D, (2021). Addiction statistics. Retrieved from https://www.addictioncenter.com/addiction/addiction-statistics/
NIDA. 2021, June 13. What are the short-term effects of cocaine use?. Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/cocaine/what-are-short-term-effects-cocaine-use
Maceira, A.M., Ripoll, C., Cosin-Sales, J.et al.Long term effects of cocaine on the heart assessed by cardiovascular magnetic resonance at 3T. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 16, 26 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/1532-429X-16-26
NIDA. (2021). What are the long-term effects of cocaine use?. Retrieved from https://nida.nih.gov/publications/research-reports/cocaine/what-are-long-term-effects-cocaine-use
Cho, A. K. & Melega, W. P. (2002). Patterns of methamphetamine abuse and their consequences. Journal of Addictive Diseases, 21(1), 21–34.
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Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Updated for readability and clarity. Reviewed and added relevant resources. Added “What Is Cocaine Addiction?”, “How Addictive Is Cocaine?”, “Signs & Symptoms of Cocaine Addiction”. New material written by Christina Canuto, LMFT-A and reviewed by Heidi Moawad, MD.
Author: Matt Glowiak, PhD, LCPC
Reviewer: Dena Westphalen, PharmD