PTSD Flashbacks: Definition, Causes, & How to Cope
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Mayo Clinic. Post traumatic stress disorder. Retrieved from: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/post-traumatic-stress-disorder/symptoms-causes/syc-20355967
Bourne, C., Holmes, E., and Mackay, C. (2013). The neural basis of flashback formation: The impact of viewing trauma. Psychological Medicine, 43(7), 1521-1532. Doi: 10.1017/S0033291712002358
Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. (2014). Chapter 3: Understanding the impact of trauma in Trauma-Informed Care in Behavioral Health Services. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK207191/?report=printable
Sawchuk, C. (June, 2018). Post traumatic stress: How can you help your loved one? Retrieved from: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/post-traumatic-stress-disorder/expert-answers/post-traumatic-stress/faq-20057756
Aftekhari, A., Bangerter, A., Bermeister, L., Cutting, A., Erbes, C., Hagel Campbell, E., Meis, L., Noorbaloochi, S., Polusny, M., Rosen, C., Spoont, M., Tuerk, P., and Velasquez, T. (2019). Sticking it out in trauma-focused treatment for PTSD: It takes a village. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 87(3), 246–256. Retrieved from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000386
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Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Updated for readability and clarity. Reviewed and added relevant resources.
Author: Davina Tiwari, MSW, RSW, CSFT
Reviewer: Benjamin Troy, MD