Dissociation: Definition, Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments
Choosing Therapy strives to provide our readers with mental health content that is accurate and actionable. We have high standards for what can be cited within our articles. Acceptable sources include government agencies, universities and colleges, scholarly journals, industry and professional associations, and other high-integrity sources of mental health journalism. Learn more by reviewing our full editorial policy.
Better Health Channel. (2012). Dissociation and Dissociative Disorders. Retrieved from https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/dissociation-and-dissociative-disorders
American Psychiatric Association. (2018). What are Dissociative Disorders? Retrieved from https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/dissociative-disorders/what-are-dissociative-disorders
Mayo Clinic. (2017). Dissociative Disorders. Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dissociative-disorders/symptoms-causes/syc-20355215
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA.
Krause-Utz, A., et al. (2017). Dissociation and Alterations in Brain Function and Structure: Implications for Borderline Personality Disorder. Current psychiatry reports, 19(1), 6. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11920-017-0757-y
Şar V. (2014). The many faces of dissociation: opportunities for innovative research in psychiatry. Clinical psychopharmacology and neuroscience : the official scientific journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 12(3), 171–179. https://doi.org/10.9758/cpn.2014.12.3.171
Cleveland, J. M., Korman, B. M., & Gold, S. N. (2015). Are hypnosis and dissociation related? New evidence for a connection. The International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis, 63(2), 198–214. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207144.2015.1002691
We regularly update the articles on ChoosingTherapy.com to ensure we continue to reflect scientific consensus on the topics we cover, to incorporate new research into our articles, and to better answer our audience’s questions. When our content undergoes a significant revision, we summarize the changes that were made and the date on which they occurred. We also record the authors and medical reviewers who contributed to previous versions of the article. Read more about our editorial policies here.
Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Edited for readability and clarity. Reviewed and added relevant resources. Revised “Types of Dissociative Disorders,” What Causes Dissociation,” and “Dissociation Treatments.” Added “Signs of Dissociation,” “Dissociation & Related Conditions,” “How Long Does Dissociation Last,” “Complications of Dissociation,” and “Coping With Dissociation & Dissociative Disorders.” New material written by Christina Canuto, LMFT-A and reviewed by Heidi Moawad, MD.
Author: Eric Patterson, LPC
Reviewer: Rajy Abulhosn, MD