Online Therapy Vs. In-Person Therapy
Choosing Therapy strives to provide our readers with mental health content that is accurate and actionable. We have high standards for what can be cited within our articles. Acceptable sources include government agencies, universities and colleges, scholarly journals, industry and professional associations, and other high-integrity sources of mental health journalism. Learn more by reviewing our full editorial policy.
Andrews, G., Basu, A., Cujipers, P., Craske, M.G., McEvoy, P., English, C.L., & Newby, J.M. (2018). Computer therapy for the anxiety and depression disorders is effective, acceptable, and practical health care: An updated meta-analysis. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 55, 70-78. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0887618517304474
Comer, J.S. et al. (2017). Internet-delivered family-based treatment for early onset
OCD: A pilot randomized trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 85(2), 178-186.
de Lijster, J.M. et al., (2019). Online attention bias modification in combination with cognitive-behavioral therapy for children and adolescents with anxiety disorders: A randomised controlled trial. Behaviour Change, 36, .
Shafir, H. (2021). Does online therapy work? Retrieved from https://www.choosingtherapy.com/does-online-therapy-work/
Novella, J.K., Ng, K.M., Samuolis, J. (2020). A comparison of online and in-person counseling outcomes using solution-focused brief therapy for college students with anxiety. Journal of American College Health, Taylor & Francis Online. DOI: 10.1080/07448481.2020.1786101
Suranata, K., Rangka, I.B., & Permana, A.A.J., (2020). The comparative effect of internet-based cognitive behavioral counseling versus face to face cognitive behavioral counseling in terms of student’s resilience. Cogent Psychology, 7 (1). Retrieved from https://www.cogentoa.com/article/10.1080/23311908.2020.1751022
Wagner, B., Horn, A.B., & Maercker, A. (2014). Internet-based versus face-to-face cognitive-behavioral intervention for depression: A randomized controlled non-inferiority trial. Journal of Affective Disorders, 152-154, 113-121. Retrieved from
We regularly update the articles on ChoosingTherapy.com to ensure we continue to reflect scientific consensus on the topics we cover, to incorporate new research into our articles, and to better answer our audience’s questions. When our content undergoes a significant revision, we summarize the changes that were made and the date on which they occurred. We also record the authors and medical reviewers who contributed to previous versions of the article. Read more about our editorial policies here.
Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Updated for readability and clarity. Reviewed and added relevant resources.
Author: Melanie Person, PhD, LMHC, LCPC
Reviewer: Trishanna Sookdeo, MD, MPH, FAAFP