Blunted Affect: Definition, Symptoms, & Treatments
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American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA.
Kilian, S., et al. (2015). Instruments measuring blunted affect in schizophrenia: a systematic review. PloS one, 10(6), e0127740. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0127740
Gur, R. E., et al. (2006). Flat affect in schizophrenia: relation to emotion processing and neurocognitive measures. Schizophrenia bulletin, 32(2), 279–287. https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbj041
Science Direct. (n.d.). Blunted Affect. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/neuroscience/blunted-affect
Szmulewicz, A., et al. (2016). Behavioral and emotional adverse events of drugs frequently used in the treatment of bipolar disorders: clinical and theoretical implications. International journal of bipolar disorders, 4(1), 6. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40345-016-0047-3
Mayo Clinic. (2018, February 3). Depression (Major Depressive Disorder). Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/depression/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20356013
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Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Edited for readability and clarity. Reviewed and added relevant resources.
Author: Eric Patterson, LPC
Reviewer: Benjamin Troy, MD