Overprotective Parents: Signs, Examples, & Effects on Mental Health
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Overprotective parenting style. (2017). Michigan State University. Retrieved from: https://www.canr.msu.edu/news/overprotective_parenting_style.
Clarke, K., Cooper, P., & Creswell, C. (2013). The parental overprotection scale: associations with child and parental anxiety. Journal of affective disorders, 151(2), 618–624. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2013.07.007
Chae, R. (2019). Overprotective Parents and a New Generation of American Children. Retrieved from: https://bpr.berkeley.edu/2019/04/16/overprotective-parents-and-a-new-generation-of-american-children/.
Kayla, R., et al. (2016). Helicopter Parenting and Emerging Adult Self-Efficacy: Implications for Mental and Physical Health. J Child Fam Stud 25, 3136–3149. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-016-0466-x
Stress Management. (2021). Mayo Clinic. Retrieved from: https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/stress-management/in-depth/stress-symptoms/art-20050987
The Bad News About Helicopter Parenting: It Works. (2019). The New York Times. Retrieved from: https://www.nytimes.com/2019/02/07/opinion/helicopter-parents-economy.html.
The role of child negative affect in the relations between parenting styles and play. (2004). Early Child Development and Care. Retrieved from: https://www.msvu.ca/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/role20of20child20negative.pdf.
Parenting in America. (2015). Pew Research Center. Retrieved from: https://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2015/12/17/parenting-in-america/
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Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Updated for readability and clarity. Reviewed and added relevant resources.
Author: Nicole Arzt, LMFT
Reviewer: Dena Westphalen, PharmD