Schizoid Personality Disorder: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments
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American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA.
Fariba K, Gupta V. (2021). Schizoid Personality Disorder. In: StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK559234/
Schizoid Personality Disorder. (n.d.). The Mayo Clinic. Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/schizoid-personality-disorder/symptoms-causes/syc-20354414
Leo, R. J., & Regno, P. D. (2000). Atypical Antipsychotic Use in the Treatment of Psychosis in Primary Care. Primary care companion to the Journal of clinical psychiatry, 2(6), 194–204. https://doi.org/10.4088/pcc.v02n0601
Posey, D. J., et al. (2008). Antipsychotics in the treatment of autism. The Journal of clinical investigation, 118(1), 6–14. https://doi.org/10.1172/JCI32483
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Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Edited for readability and clarity. Reviewed and added relevant resources. Revised “What Causes Schizoid Personality Disorder” and “Treatment of Schizoid Personality Disorder.” Added “What Is Schizoid Personality Disorder,” “Complications of Schizoid Personality Disorder,” and “Coping With Schizoid Personality Disorder.” New material written by Christina Canuto, LMFT-A and reviewed by Heidi Moawad, MD.
Author: Nicole Moreira, MA, DCR
Reviewer: Benjamin Troy