Antisocial Personality Disorder: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments
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American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: Author.
The Mayo Clinic. (2019). Antisocial Personality Disorder. Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/antisocial-personality-disorder/symptoms-causes/syc-20353928
Davies, Nicola (2015) New Dimensions in Psychopathy: are there Cultural Differences in Psychopaths? Retrieved from https://www.psychiatryadvisor.com/home/topics/disruptive-impulse-control-and-conduct-disorders/new-dimensions-in-psychopathy-are-there-cultural-differences-in-psychopaths/
Black D. W. (2015). The Natural History of Antisocial Personality Disorder. Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie, 60(7), 309–314.
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Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Updated for readability and clarity. Reviewed and added relevant resources. Added “What Is Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD)?”, “Signs & Symptoms of Antisocial Personality Disorder”, “Diagnosis of ASPD”. Revised “Treatments for Antisocial Personality Disorder”. New material written by Silvi Saxena, MBA, MSW, LSW, CCTP, OSW-C and reviewed by Kristen Fuller, MD.
Author: Nicole Moreira, MA, DCR
Reviewer: Meera Patel, DO