Schizotypal Personality Disorder (STPD): Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments
Choosing Therapy strives to provide our readers with mental health content that is accurate and actionable. We have high standards for what can be cited within our articles. Acceptable sources include government agencies, universities and colleges, scholarly journals, industry and professional associations, and other high-integrity sources of mental health journalism. Learn more by reviewing our full editorial policy.
Bora, E., & Baysan Arabaci, L. (2009). Effect of age and gender on schizotypal personality traits in the normal population. Psychiatry and clinical neurosciences, 63(5), 663-669. https://doi.org/10.111/j.1440-1819.2009.02011.x
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA.
Rosell, D. R., et al. (2014). Schizotypal personality disorder: a current review. Current psychiatry reports, 16(7), 452. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11920-014-0452-1
Davidson, C. A., Hoffman, L., & Spaulding, W. D. (2016). Schizotypal personality questionnaire–brief revised (updated): An update of norms, factor structure, and item content in a large non-clinical young adult sample. Psychiatry research, 238, 345–355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2016.01.053
Mason O. J. (2015). The assessment of schizotypy and its clinical relevance. Schizophrenia bulletin, 41 Suppl 2(Suppl 2), S374–S385. https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbu194
We regularly update the articles on ChoosingTherapy.com to ensure we continue to reflect scientific consensus on the topics we cover, to incorporate new research into our articles, and to better answer our audience’s questions. When our content undergoes a significant revision, we summarize the changes that were made and the date on which they occurred. We also record the authors and medical reviewers who contributed to previous versions of the article. Read more about our editorial policies here.
Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Edited for readability and clarity. Reviewed and added relevant resources. Revised “What Is Schizotypal Personality Disorder” and “Schizotypal Personality Disorder Treatment Options.” Added “Schizotypal Personality Disorder Symptoms,” “What Causes Schizotypal Personality Disorder,” “Complications of Schizotypal Personality Disorder,” and “Living With Schizotypal Personality Disorder.” New material written by Christina Canuto, LMFT-A and reviewed by Heidi Moawad, MD.
Author: Nicole Moreira, MA, DCR
Reviewer: Patt Bass III, MD, MPH, MS