Crippling Depression: Definition, Symptoms, & Treatments
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(2021). Depression. World Health Organization. [Fact sheet]. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/depression
Leahy, R. L., F., H. S. J., & McGinn, L. K. (2012). Depression. In Treatment plans and interventions for depression and anxiety disorders (pp. 18–52). chapter, Guilford Press.
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Ljungberg, T., Bondza, E., & Lethin, C. (2020). Evidence of the Importance of Dietary Habits Regarding Depressive Symptoms and Depression. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(5), 1616. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051616
Schacter, H. L., & Margolin, G. (2019). When it feels good to give: Depressive symptoms, daily prosocial behavior, and adolescent mood. Emotion, 19(5), 923–927. https://doi.org/10.1037/emo0000494
Bramwell, K., & Richardson, T. (2017). Improvements in depression and mental health after acceptance and commitment therapy are related to changes in diffusion and values-based action. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 48(1), 9–14. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10879-017-9367-6
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Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Updated for readability and clarity. Reviewed and added relevant resources. Added “What Is Depression?”, “Types of Depressive Disorders”, “Getting a Diagnosis of Crippling Depression”, and “Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)”. New material written by Silvi Saxena, MBA, MSW, LSW, CCTP, OSW-C and reviewed by Kristen Fuller, MD.
Author: Natalie Fraize, LMHC, LPC
Reviewer: Heidi Moawad, MD