Nyctophobia (Fear of the Dark): Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments
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Nyctophobia: Fear of the Dark (2022, March). Cleveland Clinic. Retrieved from: https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/22785-nyctophobia-fear-of-the-dark.
Neurobiology of fear and specific phobia (2017, September). National Library of Medicine. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5580526/.
Children’s nighttime fears: parent-child ratings of frequency, content, origins, coping behaviors and severity (2001, January). National Library of Medicine. Retrieved from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11125721/.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy for anxiety disorders: an update on the empirical evidence (2015, September). National Library of Medicine. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4610618/.
What Is Exposure Therapy? (2017, July). American Psychological Association. Retrieved from: https://www.apa.org/ptsd-guideline/patients-and-families/exposure-therapy.
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Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Updated for readability and clarity. Reviewed and added relevant resources. Added “Normal Fear of the Dark Vs. Nyctophobia”, “How Common Is Nyctophobia?”, “Nyctophobia & Sleep Disorders”, “What Are the Long-Term Effects of Living With Nyctophobia?”, “How Is a Phobia of the Dark Diagnosed?”, and “How Parents Can Help Children With Nyctophobia”. New material written by Silvi Saxena, MBA, MSW, LSW, CCTP, OSW-C and reviewed by Dena Westphalen, PharmD.
Author: Nicole Arzt, LMFT
Reviewer: Rajy Abulhosn, MD