Nocturnal Panic Attacks: Symptoms, Causes, & How to Cope
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American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA.
Cleveland Clinic. (2021, April 29). Why Am I Panicking in My Sleep? Retrieved from: https://health.clevelandclinic.org/why-am-i-panicking-in-my-sleep/
Nakamura, M., Sugiura, T., Nishida, S., Komada, Y., & Inoue, Y. (2013). Is Nocturnal Panic a Distinct Disease Category? Comparison of Clinical Characteristics Among Patients with Primary Nocturnal Panic, Daytime Panic, and Coexistence of Nocturnal and Daytime Panic. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, 9(5). Retreived from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3629320/
Mayo Clinic. (2018, January 12). Nocturnal Panic Attacks: What Causes Them? Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/panic-attacks/expert-answers/panic-attacks/faq-20057984
Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center. (2016). What are Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia? Retrieved from https://www.mirecc.va.gov/visn22/panic_and_agoraphobia.pdf.
Lawson, Karen, Towey, Sue. (n.d.) What Lifestyle Changes are Recommended for Anxiety and Depression? University of Minnesota. Retrieved from https://www.takingcharge.csh.umn.edu/what-lifestyle-changes-are-recommended-anxiety-and-depression
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Originally Published: November 21, 2021
Original Author: Eric Patterson, LPC
Original Reviewer: Naveed Saleh, MD, MS
Updated: April 7, 2022
Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Updated for readability and clarity; Reviewed and added relevant resources.