Postpartum Rage: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments
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Ou, C., & Hall, W. (2018). Anger in the context of postnatal depression: An integrative review. Birth-issues in Perinatal Care, 45(4), 336–346. https://doi.org/10.1111/birt.12356
Yim, I. S., et al. (2015). Biological and psychosocial predictors of postpartum depression: Systematic review and call for Integration. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 11(1), 99–137. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-101414-020426
Milgrom, J., et al. (2015). Treatment of postnatal depression with cognitive behavioural therapy, sertraline and combination therapy: A randomised controlled trial. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 49(3), 236–245. https://doi.org/10.1177/0004867414565474
Stuart, S. (2012). Interpersonal psychotherapy for postpartum depression. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 19(2), 134–140. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.1778
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Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Edited for readability and clarity. Reviewed and added relevant resources. Revised “What Causes Postpartum Rage?” and “Ways to Cope With Postpartum Rage.” Added “What Is Postpartum Rage?” and “How Is Postpartum Rage Diagnosed?” New material written by Suzanne Degges-White, PhD, LCPC, LPC, LMHC, NCC, and reviewed by Kristen Fuller, MD.
Author: Maggie Holland, MA, MHP, LMHC
Reviewer: Dena Westphalen, PharmD