Grandiose Narcissism: What It Is, Signs, & How to Deal With It
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American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA.
O’Reilly, C. A., & Hall, N. (2021). Grandiose narcissists and decision making: Impulsive, overconfident, and skeptical of experts-but seldom in doubt. Personality and individual differences, 168, 110280. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2020.110280
Hart, W. E., et al. (2017). Narcissism and self-presentation: Profiling grandiose and vulnerable Narcissists’ self-presentation tactic use. Personality and Individual Differences, 104, 48–57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.06.062
Jauk, E., et al. (2017). The Relationship between Grandiose and Vulnerable (Hypersensitive) Narcissism. Frontiers in Psychology, 8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01600
Ambardar, S. (2018). Narcissistic personality disorder treatment and management. Medscape. Retrieved from https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1519417-treatment
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Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Edited for readability and clarity. Reviewed and added relevant resources.
Author: Eric Patterson, LPC
Reviewer: Benjamin Troy, MD