Perfectionism & Anxiety: Connections & How to Cope
Choosing Therapy strives to provide our readers with mental health content that is accurate and actionable. We have high standards for what can be cited within our articles. Acceptable sources include government agencies, universities and colleges, scholarly journals, industry and professional associations, and other high-integrity sources of mental health journalism. Learn more by reviewing our full editorial policy.
Frost, R. O., & Marten, P. A. (1990). Perfectionism and evaluative threat. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 14(6), 559-572. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF01173364
Slaney, R. B., & Ashby, J. S. (1996). Perfectionists: Study of a criterion group. Journal of Counseling and Development: JCD, 74(4), 393. Doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.1996.tb01885.x
Flett, G. L., Coulter, L., Hewitt, P. L., & Nepon. T. (2011). Perfectionism, rumination, worry, and depressive symptoms in early adolescent. Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 26(3), 159-176. Retrieved from https://www.proquest.com/scholarly-journals/perfectionism-rumination-worry-depressive/docview/901948720/se-2?accountid=36783.
Kawamura, K. Y., Hunt, S. L., Frost, R. O., & Patricia, M. D. (2001). Perfectionism, anxiety, and depression: Are the relationships independent? Cognitive Therapy and Research, 25(3), 291-301. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1010736529013
Egan, S. J., Wade, T. D., Fitzallen, G., O’Brien, A., & Shafran, R. (2021). A meta-synthesis of qualitative studies of the link between anxiety, depression and perfectionism: implications for treatment. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 1-17. https://www.cambridge.org/core/services/aop-cambridge-core/content/view/D0E999E2B7FB17C171492F3E63A402BE/S1352465821000357a.pdf/div-class-title-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies-of-the-link-between-anxiety-depression-and-perfectionism-implications-for-treatment-div.pdf
Erozkan, A. (2016). Understanding the Role of Dimensions of Perfectionism on Anxiety Sensitivity. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 4(7), 1652-1659. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1106267.pdf
Deacon, B. J., & Abramowitz, J. S. (2004). Cognitive and behavioral treatments for anxiety disorders: A review of meta‐analytic findings. Journal of clinical psychology, 60(4), 429-441. http://www.coping.us/images/Deacon_Abramowitz_2004_anxiety_treatment_review.pdf
We regularly update the articles on ChoosingTherapy.com to ensure we continue to reflect scientific consensus on the topics we cover, to incorporate new research into our articles, and to better answer our audience’s questions. When our content undergoes a significant revision, we summarize the changes that were made and the date on which they occurred. We also record the authors and medical reviewers who contributed to previous versions of the article. Read more about our editorial policies here.
Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Updated for readability and clarity. Reviewed and added relevant resources. Added “What Is Anxiety?”, “What Causes Perfectionism?”, “Is Perfectionism a Symptom of Anxiety?”. Revised “How to Cope With Perfectionism & Anxiety”. New material written by Lydia Antonatos, LMHC, and reviewed by Kristen Fuller, MD.
Author: Jaclyn Gulotta, LMHC
Reviewer: Kristen Fuller, MD