Languages of Apology: 5 Types & How to Use Them
Choosing Therapy strives to provide our readers with mental health content that is accurate and actionable. We have high standards for what can be cited within our articles. Acceptable sources include government agencies, universities and colleges, scholarly journals, industry and professional associations, and other high-integrity sources of mental health journalism. Learn more by reviewing our full editorial policy.
Chapman, G., & Thomas, J. (2008). The Five Languages of Apology, How to Experience Healing in all Your Relationships. Northfield Publishing.
Schumann, K. (2018). The Psychology of Offering an Apology: Understanding the Barriers to Apologizing and How to Overcome Them. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 27(2), 74–78. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721417741709
Grabmeier, J. (2016). The 6 elements of an effective apology, according to science. Retrieved from