OCD Vs. Anxiety: What Is the Difference?
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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). (2017). National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/statistics/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, Text Revision. 5th ed., S.L., American Psychiatric Association Publishing, 18 Mar. 2022.
Sharma, P., Conceição, M., Ygor Arzeno Ferrão, Albertella, L., Miguel, E., & Fontenelle, L. F. (2021). The impact of generalized anxiety disorder in obsessive-compulsive disorder patients. 300, 113898–113898. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2021.113898
Fitzgerald, K. D., Schroder, H. S., & Marsh, R. (2021). Cognitive control in pediatric obsessive-compulsive and anxiety disorders: brain-behavioral targets for early intervention. Biological psychiatry,89(7), 697-706.
Renna, M. E., et al. (2018). The association between anxiety, traumatic stress, and obsessive–compulsive disorders and chronic inflammation: A systematic review and meta‐analysis. Depression and anxiety, 35(11), 1081-1094.
Cervin, M., et al. (2020). Incompleteness, harm avoidance, and disgust: A comparison of youth with OCD, anxiety disorders, and no psychiatric disorder. Journal of anxiety disorders, 69, 102175.
Rozenman, M., et al. (2019). Improvement in anxiety and depression symptoms following cognitive behavior therapy for pediatric obsessive compulsive disorder. Psychiatry research, 276, 115-123.
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Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Updated for readability and clarity. Reviewed and added relevant resources. Added “How Common Are Anxiety Disorders and OCD?”, “How to Know if You Have OCD or Anxiety”, “Can Someone Have Both OCD & Anxiety?”, “What Other Condition Could It Be?”. New material written by Lydia Antonatos, LMHC and reviewed by Kristen Fuller, MD.
Author: Silvi Saxena, MBA, MSW, LSW, CCTP, OSW-C
Reviewer: Heidi Moawad, MD