Empty Nest Syndrome: Signs, Symptoms, & How to Cope
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Badiani, F., & De Sousa, A. (2016). The empty nest syndrome: Critical clinical considerations. Indian Journal of Mental Health, 3(2), 135-142. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/325738704_The_Empty_Nest_Syndrome_Critical_Clinical_Considerations
Bouchard, G. (2014). How do parents react when their children leave home? An integrative review. Journal of Adult Development, 21(2), 69–79. Retrieved from: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10804-013-9180-8
Mitchell B.A. (2019) Empty Nest. In: Gu D., Dupre M. (eds) Encyclopedia of Gerontology and Population Aging. Springer, Cham Retrieved from: https://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007/978-3-319-69892-2_317-1
Mitchell, B. A., & Lovegreen, L. D. (2009). The Empty Nest Syndrome in Midlife Families: A Multimethod Exploration of Parental Gender Differences and Cultural Dynamics. Journal of Family Issues, 30(12), 1651–1670. https://doi.org/10.1177/0192513X0933902
Fingerman, K. (2001). Aging mothers and their adult daughters: a study in mixed emotions. New York: Springer Publications.
Mansoor, A., & Hasan, S. S. (2019). Empty nest syndrome and psychological wellbeing among middle aged adults. Pakistan Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 17(1), 55-60. Retrieved from: https://gcu.edu.pk/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/pjscp20191-8.pdf
Mitchell, B., & Wister, A. (2015). Midlife Challenge or Welcome Departure? Cultural and Family-Related Expectations of Empty Nest Transitions. International Journal of Aging & Human Development, 81(4), 260–280. Retrieved from: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0091415015622790
Mayo Clinic Staff. Empty Nest Syndrome. Retrieved from: https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/adult-health/in-depth/empty-nest-syndrome/art-20047165
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Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Updated for readability and clarity. Reviewed and added relevant resources. Added “Stages of Empty Nest Syndrome”, “Empty Nest Syndrome & Depression”, “Severe Empty Nest Syndrome”, and “How Long Does Empty Nest Syndrome Last?”. New material written by Eric Patterson, LPC and reviewed by Kristen Fuller, MD.
Author: Shirley Porter, RP, RSW, CCC
Reviewer: Lynn Byars, MD