What Is a Narcissistic Sociopath? 10 Common Signs
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E., Levy, K. N., & Yeomans, F. E. (2015). Narcissistic personality disorder: Diagnostic and clinical challenges. American Journal of Psychiatry, 172(5), 415-422.
George, F. R., & Short, D. (2018). The cognitive neuroscience of narcissism. Journal of Brain, Behavior and Cognitive Sciences, 1, ID-6.
Frick, P. J., & White, S. F. (2008). Research review: The importance of callous‐unemotional traits for developmental models of aggressive and antisocial behavior. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, 49(4), 359-375
Zeiders, C., & Devlin, P. (2019). Malignant Narcissism and Power: A Psychodynamic Exploration of Madness and Leadership. Routledge
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596
Dashineau, S. C., et al. (2019). Pathological narcissism and psychosocial functioning. Personality disorders, 10(5), 473–478. https://doi.org/10.1037/per0000347
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Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Updated for readability and clarity. Reviewed and added relevant resources.
Author: Hailey Shafir, LCMHCS, LPCS, LCAS, CCS
Reviewer: Rajy Abulhosn, MD