Low Self-Esteem: Signs, Causes, & How to Cope
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Jiang S., Ngien A. (April, 2020). The Effects of Instagram Use, Social Comparison, and Self-Esteem on Social Anxiety: A Survey Study in Singapore. Social Media + Society, 6(2), 1-10. DOI: 10.1177/2056305120912488
Lim, L., Nathan, P., & Saulsman, L. (2019). Improving Low Self Esteem: How Low Self Esteem Develops. Retrieved from: https://www.cci.health.wa.gov.au/~/media/CCI/Consumer-Modules/Improving-Self-Esteem/Improving-Self-Esteem—02—How-Low-Self-Esteem-Develops.pdf
Mayo Clinic. (2020). Self-esteem: Take Steps to Feel Better About Yourself. Retrieved from: https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/adult-health/in-depth/self-esteem/art-20045374
Mann, M., et al. (2004). Self-esteem in a broad-spectrum approach for mental health promotion. Health Education Research, 19(4), 357–372. https://doi.org/10.1093/her/cyg041
Orth, U., & Robins, R. W. (2013). Understanding the link between Low Self-Esteem and depression. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(6), 455–460. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721413492763
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Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Edited for readability and clarity. Reviewed and added relevant resources. Revised “Signs of Low Self-Esteem,” “Causes of Low Self-Esteem,” and “How to Deal With Low Self-Esteem.” Added “What Is Low Self-Esteem” and “Effects of Low Self-Esteem.” New material written by Maggie Holland MA, MHP, LMHC and reviewed by Heidi Moawad, MD.
Author: Davina Tiwari, MSW, RSW, CSFT
Reviewer: Dena Westphalen, Pharm D