What Is a Toxic Relationship? Signs, Impacts, & How to Fix It
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Forth, A., Sezlik, S., Lee, S., Ritchie, M., Logan, J., & Ellingwood, H. (2021). Toxic Relationships: The Experiences and Effects of Psychopathy in Romantic Relationships. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 0306624X211049187.
Towler, A., Eivers, A., & Frey, R. (2020). Warning signs of partner abuse in intimate relationships: Gender differences in young adults’ perceptions of seriousness. Journal of interpersonal violence, 35(7-8), 1779-1802.
Ha, T., Otten, R., McGill, S., & Dishion, T. J. (2019). The family and peer origins of coercion within adult romantic relationships: A longitudinal multimethod study across relationships contexts. Developmental psychology, 55(1), 207.
Flasch, P., Boote, D., & Robinson, E. H. (2019). Considering and navigating new relationships during recovery from intimate partner violence. Journal of Counseling & Development, 97(2), 148-159.
Beasley, C. C., & Ager, R. (2019). Emotionally focused couples therapy: a systematic review of its effectiveness over the past 19 years. Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work, 16(2), 144-159.
Thiruvananthapuram, A. (2019). Codependency and marital satisfaction among married adults. Loyola College of Social Sciences.
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Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Updated for readability and clarity. Reviewed and added relevant resources. Revised “How to Fix a Toxic Relationship” and “When & How to Leave a Toxic Relationship”. New material written by Silvi Saxena, MBA, MSW, LSW, CCTP, OSW-C and reviewed by Kristen Fuller, MD.
Author: Silvi Saxena, MBA, MSW, LSW, CCTP, OSW-C
Reviewer: Naveed Saleh, MD, MS