Toxic Shame: Causes, Effects, & How to Overcome
Choosing Therapy strives to provide our readers with mental health content that is accurate and actionable. We have high standards for what can be cited within our articles. Acceptable sources include government agencies, universities and colleges, scholarly journals, industry and professional associations, and other high-integrity sources of mental health journalism. Learn more by reviewing our full editorial policy.
Bath, H. (2019). Pain and the unspoken emotion: Shame. International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies, 10(2-3), 126-141.
Dyer, K. F. W., Dorahy, M. J., Corry, M., Black, R., Matheson, L., Coles, H., Curran, D., Seager, L., & Middleton, W. (2017). Comparing shame in clinical and nonclinical populations: Preliminary findings. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 9(2), 173–180.
Lim, C., & Barlas, J. (2019). The effects of Toxic Early Childhood Experiences on Depression according to Young Schema Model: A Scoping Review. Journal of Affective Disorders, 246, 1-13.
Saraiya, T., & Lopez-Castro, T. (2016). Ashamed and Afraid: A Scoping Review of the Role of Shame in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Journal of Clinical Medicine, 5(11).
Friel, J.A. (2016). What Detoxifies Shame in Integrative Psychotherapy? an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. British Journal of Psychotherapy, 32(4), 532-546.
Vanderheiden, E. (2019) “Nothing I Accept About Myself Can Be Used Against Me to Diminish Me”—Transforming Shame Through Mindfulness. Transforming Shame Through Mindfulness. In: Mayer CH., Vanderheiden E. (eds) The Bright Side of Shame. Springer, Cham.
Thompson, P., & Jaque, V. (2018). Shame and Anxiety: The Mediating Role of Childhood Adversity in Dancers. Journal of Dance Medicine & Science, 22(2), 100-108.
We regularly update the articles on ChoosingTherapy.com to ensure we continue to reflect scientific consensus on the topics we cover, to incorporate new research into our articles, and to better answer our audience’s questions. When our content undergoes a significant revision, we summarize the changes that were made and the date on which they occurred. We also record the authors and medical reviewers who contributed to previous versions of the article. Read more about our editorial policies here.
Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Updated for readability and clarity. Reviewed and added relevant resources. Added “Guilt vs Shame: What’s the Difference?”
Author: Silvi Saxena, MBA, MSW, LSW, CCTP, OSW-C
Reviewer: Kristen Fuller, MD