Narcissistic Triangulation: Definition, Examples, & How to Respond
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Gale, J., & Muruthi, B. A. (2017). Triangles and Triangulation in Family Systems Theory. In Springer eBooks (pp. 1–3). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-15877-8_758-1
Karpman, S. (1968). Fairy tales and script drama analysis. Transactional Analysis Bulletin, 7(26), 39-43. https://karpmandramatriangle.com/pdf/DramaTriangle.pdf
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA.
Back, M. D., Schmukle, S. C., & Egloff, B. (2010). Why are narcissists so charming at first sight? Decoding the narcissism-popularity link at zero acquaintance. Journal of personality and social psychology, 98(1), 132–145. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0016338
Germain, M. (2018). Narcissism in Leadership and Management: A Research Summary. In Springer eBooks (pp. 41–68). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-60330-8_4
Graham, L. (2020). The Triangle of Victim, Rescuer, Persecutor – What It Is and How to Get Out. Retrieved from https://lindagraham-mft.net/triangle-victim-rescuer-persecutor-get/
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Author: No Change
Reviewer: No Change
Primary Changes: Updated for readability and clarity. Reviewed and added relevant resources. Revised “Examples of Narcissistic Triangulation in Relationships” and “How to React to Narcissistic Triangulation.”
Author: Maggie Holland, MA, MHP, LMHC
Reviewer: Trishanna Sookdeo, MD, MPH, FAAFP